SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENT: Selected and Edited by Chimamanda Adichie – #1

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In this memoir piece, Akwaeke Emezi chronicles a specific Nigerian childhood with starkness and poetry and truth. It entertains. It disturbs. It is exquisitely written. I particularly loved her ability to turn Aba – a town about which I hope more will be written – into a rich character. I hope you enjoy reading this as much as I did.

– Chimamanda Adichie


Sometimes The Fire Is Not Fire

By Akwaeke Emezi


Kerosene burns nearly everything.

Growing up, our house would sometimes be invaded by soldier ants, rivers of red clacking bodies that ran over our windowsills and bit us with thoroughness. We soaked newspaper in kerosene to make torches and burnt the ants back, singeing our carpets and bathtubs. The price of gas kept climbing, so we transferred all our cooking over to the small green kerosene stove and watched as the pots blackened. In the dry season, we raked dead leaves into a pile next to the borehole that didn’t work, sprinkled some kerosene and dropped a flame. I remember being amazed at how a little wetness could lead to such fire. My little sister and I would dance around the blaze until we got called in and scolded for getting smoke in our hair. When you try to burn a person, it is cheaper to use kerosene instead of petrol.

I spent my entire childhood in Aba, a commercial town in the south of Nigeria, where both my siblings were born. When I came back to the country after leaving for college, I knew from my first circling of the Lagos crowd that the location of my childhood would be ammunition against people who thought I didn’t belong, that I wasn’t Nigerian enough. No one could argue with Aba. It was my best card, even better than being born in Umuahia, where my father and grandfather were born. It made me authentic in a way that was absolute; you couldn’t question if someone who grew up in Aba was a ‘real’ Nigerian. No one could say anything. Aba didn’t match the background they assumed for me: that I must have grown up outside Nigeria, because I smelled too foreign, right down to my blood. The truth felt like a story. I wanted to tell them we never had running water, that the cockroach eggs gelled into the egg grooves of the fridge door, that the concrete over the soakaway broke open and stayed open. The smell became part of our air and when one of the little chicks fell into the hole, my sister called me wicked for not helping it out. I said none of this, though. I just smiled at their shock and listened to the jokes about how Aba people can make and sell a fake version of anything, even a glass of water.

What I did tell people was how impressive it was that my parents kept their children as sheltered as they did in all the chaos of Aba during the 90’s and early 2000’s, with the way the town felt and tasted lawless. We got piles of books to read, bought secondhand from the Post Office on Ikot-Ekpene Road or sent from our cousins in London or pulled from my parents’ separate collections, and that’s how my sister and I ended up believing in fairies in the midst of riots. We had cats spilling over our carpets, a dog with raw bleeding ears, and several Barbie dolls sent from Saudi Arabia, where my mother moved to in ’96. I didn’t know I’d never live with her again. When our turkeys got fowlpox, we caught them and pinned them under our feet and learnt that you could treat the pox with palm oil. When the dogs got maggots, we learnt that applying careful pressure to the sore made them fall white and wriggling to the sand. We learnt not to handle bitterleaf and then touch your mouth, or peel yam and then touch your eyes, because the first ruins your tongue and the itch of the second can blind you. We mimicked the priests during Mass at CKC, driving home afterwards past the bodies dumped outside the teaching hospital. We stayed children.

After a pickup truck mowed down my sister in ‘95, my father forbade us to ride okadas, saying that the roads were too dangerous. I disobeyed often, leaning into the wind and raising my heels away from the burning exhaust so my slippers wouldn’t melt. The first time I climbed on one, my best friend called out my name and distracted me. I burnt the inside of my leg on the metal and she made a face. ‘Look out for the exhaust pipe,’ she said. By the time I went to school the next day, my burn had bubbled up and split. I packed it with powder and two types of iodine, till it was ugly and crusted in purples and reds. It scarred flat and I learnt to climb on motorcycles from the other side.

After I burned my sister’s left thigh, I learnt that burns always bubble reliably, whether you make them with metal or in her case, water.  We were all sitting to breakfast at the dining table, the way my mother liked it when she was there, with the Milo and sugar and powdered milk and everything laid out. I reached over to grab the handle of the hot water flask, but my brother hadn’t screwed the top back on properly, so when the flask toppled over, it spilled a steaming river over my sister’s school uniform, burning her leg. She jumped up screaming and ran into the parlor, and everyone rushed to her while I apologized frantically. I think they cracked a raw egg over the burn. It was the second time I’d seen the skin of her leg do unnatural things. The first was the time with that pickup truck, when it dragged her down Okigwe Road, but that was her right leg and her skin had opened differently then, more intricately, chopped up by white bone screaming out of the pulpy red. My best friend’s father fixed it. I learnt that humans are meat.

Bodies in the sun smell unbearable after a week because meat goes bad, but I learnt that they smell even worse a week later. When walking back home after taking JAMB, it rained, and in the flooded water of Faulks Road, I learnt that a dead body will float and even bob. I learnt that brains were grey before I was eleven, from the tarmac of Brass Junction, from the cracked calabash of what was a person’s head. We looked at it every day on our way to school, waiting to turn left onto Aba-Owerri Road to head towards Abayi, holding our breath. I learnt that we can bear much more than we predict.

When the armed robberies got too bad in Aba, to the point where you could call the police to report one and the police would just make sure they avoided the area, a team of vigilantes arose and called themselves the Bakassi Boys. Their headquarters were in Ariaria Market, and we often saw them as we returned from school, their vehicles whistling down the road. They dangled out of windows and off roofs, waving machetes and guns, streaming with red and yellow strips of cloth. They killed and burned thieves, hacking them with machetes, throwing a tire and faithful kerosene over them, then leaving the corpses out as warnings and reminders. No one dared to remove them until it was allowed. When I was fourteen, we went to Malaysia to see my grandparents and I told one of my cousins about the Bakassi Boys as we walked on a beach. ‘That’s terrible, that they’re killing people,’ she said. I looked at her like she didn’t make sense. ‘Those people shouldn’t have stolen,’ I answered. Even our state governor allowed the killings, just like he allowed the riots in 2000, after the massacre of Igbos in Kaduna, after they stacked up our dead in lorries and sent them back to us.

I learnt other things in Aba, that a mother you see once a year is a stranger, no matter how much you cry for her in the long months when she’s gone. I learnt that if my father is a man who will wield a machete at the NEPA worker who came to check the meter, then I cannot tell him what our neighbour who took my sister to the hospital after the pickup accident did to me, because at twelve, I am entirely too young for that kind of blood on my hands. We can, I promise you, bear much more than we predict.

I told an acquaintance some of this during a lunch in Lagos, not the parts about myself, just about the bodies and the curfews and the ritual kidnappings they called Otokoto and the time they burnt down the mosque and killed every Muslim they could find, murdering three hundred Northerners in the two days after the lorries arrived with the bodies from Kaduna, when we got five days off from school and stayed at home and saw the ashes afterwards in front of the Customs House. I told her how a classmate had joked with me then that I should be careful. ‘You know you resemble a Northerner,’ he said. I told her about the rumors of this Muslim man who could pass for Igbo and so when they came for him, he joined the mob and killed his people to stay alive, to prove he was one of us. I told her about the woman next door whose gateman was a shoemaker from the North, how she hid him and his son in their boys quarters. When the child heard the noise in the street, he tried to run out to see what it was, but she caught him and beat him and sent him back. He was five. We shared an avocado tree with their compound.

We were sitting in Freedom Park as I said these things, and she stared at me the whole time, horrified. ‘You’re making that up,’ she said. ‘Are you serious?’

‘It was Aba in the 90’s,’ I reminded her. ‘I thought everyone in Nigeria grew up like this.’ I hadn’t thought she’d be surprised. She was Nigerian too, after all, and much older than me. Surely she’d seen worse things.

‘No, everyone did not grow up like that!’ She was agitated. ‘Why don’t you write about this?!’

I shrugged. It was a normal childhood, and besides, Aba was just Aba. None of it had seemed worth writing about. I could hear how the stories sounded when I said them out loud, dark like old blood, like I was supposed to be traumatized, different, like something in me, perhaps my innocence, should’ve caught a whiff of kerosene and gone crackly and black too, smoking away like suya edges. Except, I was fine. I felt like nothing had happened. In college, I had a friend from Serbia who wouldn’t even talk about the things he’d seen. I had a girlfriend in New York who’d spent years of her childhood in the middle of the war in Liberia. I know that life churns on, bloody and normal. I know I’m fine.

Sometimes the fire is not fire. Sometimes it’s not everything that burns.

Akwaeke Emezi is an Igbo/Tamil writer and filmmaker based in liminal spaces. She was born in Umuahia and raised in Aba, Nigeria. Her short fiction has been published in Sable Literary Magazine, Golly Magazine, Specter Magazine, and the 2015 Caine Prize Anthology. She is an MFA candidate in the Creative Writing Program at Syracuse University and is currently working on her first novel. For more information, please visit

Akwaeke Emezi is an Igbo/Tamil writer and filmmaker based in liminal spaces. She was born in Umuahia and raised in Aba, Nigeria. Her short fiction has been published in Sable Literary Magazine, Golly Magazine, Specter Magazine, and the 2015 Caine Prize Anthology. She is an MFA candidate in the Creative Writing Program at Syracuse University and is currently working on her first novel. For more information, please visit


  1. Okan'ube

    August 7, 2015 at 9:06 am

    Akwaeke captures, perfectly, the images of the Nigeria that people who are not affected refuse to see.

    Simply amazing!

  2. olajide bello

    August 7, 2015 at 2:26 pm


  3. ken

    August 7, 2015 at 9:51 pm

    Beautifully written, i read it twice and still not enough

  4. Nkiacha Atemnkeng

    August 8, 2015 at 1:18 am

    Akwaeke Amazing! Girl, jeez, you didn’t tell me all these gory stories in Ghana oh! You witnessed all these things? Damn. I didn’t experience any of this in my childhood. You evoked it quite well. It made me uncomfortable. Reminded me of HOAYS too. Congrats for that big lady’s endorsement.

  5. Amadi

    August 8, 2015 at 4:24 am

    I’m thrilled by your writing style

  6. Amadi

    August 8, 2015 at 4:24 am


  7. Celestine Ukpere

    August 8, 2015 at 11:01 am

    Awesome read

  8. Fred Dameh

    August 8, 2015 at 11:34 am

    the writing was just down to earth, like a listing of facts.

  9. Njideka

    August 8, 2015 at 11:36 am

    You reminded me of a whole lot my childhood experience, but you didn’t capture the ‘Umu emejiaka’ boys who would harass anyone,mostly young girls or teens on the road as soon as 7pm during this period under discussion,this kept me and my sisters on our toes anytime we went out and it was getting late.


    August 8, 2015 at 12:17 pm

    Simply amazing, made me remember the stories I heard of these happenings

  11. Pat

    August 8, 2015 at 1:05 pm

    What an interesting way to see how children perceive their world, and can state it in such a matter of fact manner, (much like remembering the stale bread sold at the corner store on Robinson Street in Philadelphia). Things happened and she moved on. The author has found a way to process events that could have scarred her, by writing. I enjoyed reading this. Now I’m googling these events and calling some friends of mine from Calabar and other places for conversation. Thank you Chimamanda, for this excellent idea of sharing new works. Can’t wait for the next entry.

  12. Sophie

    August 8, 2015 at 2:05 pm

    This is a fantastic piece of writing! So evocative, and it took me right away. As i read your piece, I found myself wandering through dried fields, stepping on sun-beaten leaves in Ibadan, Nigeria, where i grew up. Memories long-forgotten were triggered and in them, the essence of my person-hood during that period was awakened.
    Truly, sometimes the fire is not fire.
    Altogether a good read and I’ll definitely buy a book written by you

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:53 pm

      Thank you! I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my work/book, you can sign up here if interested: 🙂

  13. Stephanie Neifeld

    August 8, 2015 at 8:52 pm

    This gave me chills. I would love to read more of her writing.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:53 pm

      Thank you! More of my writing is up on my website ( and I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my work/book, you can sign up here if interested: 🙂

  14. Audacity

    August 8, 2015 at 10:32 pm

    Swept away in the magic of your writing! Aba through your eyes is a strong reminder that the burden of poverty, war, and misogyny on any flesh, any where, is devastating, and that the grace of innocence is that we know no other possibility. Look forward to reading your novel.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:52 pm

      Thank you so much! I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my work/book, you can sign up here if interested: 🙂

  15. preye tamuno

    August 8, 2015 at 11:35 pm

    I’m inspired to sit up & write!

  16. Mary

    August 8, 2015 at 11:47 pm

    Reading this gives me hope, but also makes shamefully clear the shallowness of our lives here in America…

  17. Notey

    August 9, 2015 at 11:57 am

    Raw, so raw in many beautiful ways. Raw so that you are forced to feel this deeply. Growing up in the suburbs of Lagos, the story of Bakassi boys was a faraway story that Nollywood helped you understand. Thank you fot sharing

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:51 pm

      Thank you for reading!

  18. sharon

    August 10, 2015 at 7:09 pm

    Brilliant! You wrote it in the most simplistic, withdrawn way but still so very vibrant and passionate. What a pleasure to read

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:51 pm

      Thank you! I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my work/book, you can sign up here if interested: 🙂

  19. jaykay zieuwa

    August 16, 2015 at 8:53 pm

    Really beautiful.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:49 pm

      Thank you! I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my work/book, you can sign up here if interested: 🙂

  20. ogudu

    August 17, 2015 at 1:36 pm

    It’s very difficult for me to hold my tears, this piece reminds me alot about my childhood, how we swim the flood in obohia to my school in fauks road during rainy season I can’t quickly forget how the ndi agbu obi (mafias) brutalized my elder sister in 1998 around ogbo hill, how everyone must pass umuagbai primary school before 7pm or face anything that could befall you if you fail. Or should I forget how my classmate elder brother died with more than 20 other boys just because the where coming back home late in the night and the bakassi boys arrested and locked more than 20 persons in a small storehouse in orie ohiabiam market and they all died the next morning………….. There are still many stories to tell about my favorite city aba and am so glad to see your work I hope to see more beautiful works like this thanks alot akwaeke for this piece.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:38 pm

      Wow, thank you so much for sharing your stories. I’m so glad my piece resonated with you.

  21. oby chuks

    August 18, 2015 at 10:15 pm

    pinpointed every incident. thumbs up. more power to ur elbow..** but if yu were in Aba by now,at least yu would go round from ariaria juntion to osisioma to brassjuntion to samek just to visit ur friend who resides just at d back of ur house**

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:49 pm

      Haha I’m sure. My popsy is still there and he tells me about it smh

  22. Ukpai Ukairo

    August 23, 2015 at 7:26 am

    Aba my Aba . Akweke is made in Aba.

  23. Obiajulu

    August 26, 2015 at 9:30 pm

    Thank you Akwaeke, thank you Chimamanda! Chimamanda’s greatness lies in part in the fact that she not only achieved fame early with her writings, but immediately committed herself to grooming and spotlighting other talents! What a harvest, this one! Something is clearly in the offing. By the way, I lived in Aba 1997-1999 and have been living in Owerri ever since.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:48 pm

      Thank you! I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my work/book, by the way. You can sign up here if interested: 🙂

  24. LivingSimplyGirl

    September 6, 2015 at 4:50 am


  25. Ngozi Margaret Oguguah

    September 7, 2015 at 11:47 am

    This is simply amazing. The way she wrote made me live the story. Akwaeke, well done! Like your name, you are rare.

  26. Deedara

    September 16, 2015 at 10:53 pm

    Electrifying writing. Brilliant.

  27. NMA

    November 12, 2015 at 9:08 am

    I grew up in Aba and that alone has made me fearless of anywhere i find myself today. Despite being shielded by family, one couldn’t be ignorant of happenings around us. The lawlessness is Frightening though.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:46 pm

      Yeah, I feel you on the fearlessness.

  28. yugo

    November 27, 2015 at 4:35 pm

    Simply brilliant. I was born, bred & still lives in Aba. Aba was something else in the 90s, I erroneously assumed every Nigerian city was like that. I could relate to your experience.

  29. Dolapo Ogunwale

    January 11, 2016 at 2:02 am

    Stunned! By the writer and their writing.

  30. Ndidi

    January 17, 2016 at 7:05 pm

    Excellent writing, just simply awesome. I was born and bred in Lagos, but this took me there and made Aba real for me too. I visited Aba once when I came there from Umuahia, trying to help a corper friend escape when violence broke out against the northerners. I remember how he pulled his cap low to cover his face and I held his hand and pretended we were lovers to divert attention from the peering eyes of the park boys as we entered the ‘luxurious bus’. I had to buy 2 tickets even though I wasn’t going to travel. Thankfully he made it.
    Well done Akwaeke, I’m really looking forward to your book, hope we will know when it’s out.

    • Akwaeke

      July 10, 2016 at 4:43 pm

      Ahn, thank you for helping your corper friend! It’s so interesting to hear from people who also witnessed these same things, I really appreciate it. I’m now doing a mailing list for those who want news + updates about my book, you can sign up here: 🙂

  31. Kojo Otoo

    April 28, 2016 at 5:29 am

    I just love everything written by Nigerian authors. Sweet story. I will be watching this space for you. All the best, Akwaeke!

  32. Echeama

    August 25, 2016 at 11:31 am

    Great writing – i like your style. I lived in Nigeria all my life but this makes me ask “Did I grow up in the same country?” Girl you came out none the worse for wear. Keep the stories coming… Congratulations!

  33. Oluchi

    November 30, 2016 at 3:06 pm

    Thank you for writing about Aba. For me,it was a normal childhood. I remember seeing a dead man burned beyond recognition when i and my sister was seeing my father off at fauks roads. I magined him crying and begging for his life but his killers were too wounded emotionally to listen to him. In their minds,they would have imagined how our igbo siblings were tortured and burned to death.
    I remembered playing under the rain and swimming in puddles formed at the middle of the road. We would be so careful to check our scandals and slippers for millipedes.

  34. Stephanie

    May 22, 2017 at 8:29 pm

    You make me want to read…and write. More!
    Thank you

  35. Nero Nii

    August 28, 2017 at 7:09 pm

    Wow! Wow! Am happy someone is putting ABA on the spotlight. Akwaeke, what an awesome write up. I was born and raised in aba. Spent 24 years of my life in that city and I must confess everything you wrote is a clear picture of THE LIFE in that city.
    If I must say every young growing lad should spend some time in that city. If you can withstand the trick done by some guys at st.michaels, stand your ground in park, cross York without fear of being mugged and let that guy/girl know that you know he/she is trying to cheat you, I believe that lad can withstand the ills of any city.
    One more thing ABA is blessed with industrious men and women of Ariaria, azikiwe by kent, school road, pound road, cemetry market, etc.

    Abum nwa aba and we no d carry last. Its difficult to cheat an aba man.

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